Tagged: Journal of Cardiology

Impella – Current issues and future expectations for the percutaneous, microaxial flow left ventricular assist device

The importance of temporary mechanical circulatory support for treating acute heart failure with cardiogenic shock is increasingly recognized, and Impella (Abiomed, Danvers, MA, USA) has received particular attention in this regard. Impella is an axial flow left ventricular assist device (LVAD) built into the tip of a catheter. It is inserted via a peripheral artery and implanted into the left ventricle. Although the morphology of Impella is different from a typical LVAD, it has similar actions and effects as an LVAD in terms of left ventricular drainage and aortic blood delivery.

What is the meaning of provoked spasm phenotypes by vasoreactivity testing?

Coronary artery epicardial spasm is involved in the pathogenesis of many cardiac disorders. Vasoreactivity testing, such as intracoronary injection of acetylcholine (ACH) or ergonovine (ER), is the gold standard method for the diagnosis of vasospastic angina. Provoked epicardial spasm phenotypes are classified as focal spasm and diffuse spasm. Multiple factors, including sex, ethnicity, and use of coronary vasoactive stimulators, are related to the provoked phenotypes of epicardial spasm. Diffuse-provoked spasm is often observed in females, where focal-provoked spasm is markedly more common in males.

Author’s reply to the “Letter to Editor” that the Journal has received from Dr. Ghulam Mustafa Ali Malik (et al.)

We would like to thank the authors for their interest in our study and publication [1]. It is correct that small-size patient populations can affect the validity and legitimacy of the results and conclusions of studies. Malik et al. compared our study to that by Aus dem Siepen et al. [2] in which 253 wild-type transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRwt) patients were included along with other types of ATTR. We believe that the two studies are different in several aspects making it difficult to compare the data presented in these studies.

Practice differences and knowledge gaps in complex and high-risk interventions between Japan and the USA: A case-based discussion

Advances in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) devices and techniques have expanded the pool of eligible patients for revascularization, including those with comorbidities, reduced left ventricular function, or anatomical complexity (defined as CHIP: complex and high-risk interventions in indicated patients). CHIP interventions are typically performed by selected operators who specialize in complex PCI. This review presents two cases performed in the USA, to discuss the similarities and differences in practice patterns between CHIP operators in Japan and the USA.