Tagged: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a premalignant condition associated with chewing areca nut and tobacco products. High fluoride levels observed in some OSMF endemic regions suggest fluoride may contribute to pathogenesis. This study aimed to assess fluoride content in various smokeless tobacco items as a potential influencing source. Fluoride concentration was analyzed in commercial areca nut products including gutkha, pan masala and raw areca nut, along with tobacco, slaked lime and catechu samples from Karnataka, India.
In the backdrop of telemedicine’s rise, this review explores its integration into oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS), especially given the healthcare access challenges faced by nearly 20% of the U.S. rural population. The study underscores the potential of telemedicine to address disparities in OMFS care access, particularly in rural areas, by enhancing patient care, reducing travel needs, and fostering collaborative diagnosis and treatment. The findings advocate for broader telemedicine adoption in OMFS, contingent upon supportive policy and infrastructure changes.
Alloplastic implants such as Acellular Dermal Matrix (ADM) have been used for various aesthetic and reconstructive purposes since the 1990s. Rhinoplasty addresses both aesthetic and functional nasal impairments, with often adoption of grafting materials. Currently, autologous grafts such as septal cartilage are the gold standard. However, they pose the risk of donor site morbidity, technical challenges, and additional operative time.
In the surgery-first approach (SFA) the orthognathic surgery is performed without the need for presurgical orthodontic treatment. Aim: This study was aimed at assessing the treatment durations and occlusal outcomes for a consecutive cohort of patients, with a range of dentofacial deformities, who have completed orthognathic treatment using the SFA. Methodology: The duration of orthognathic treatment was measured. The overall change in occlusion, and the quality of the final occlusion, were evaluated using the patients’ study casts.
This review provides a comprehensive overview of the literature on velopharyngeal insufficiency, associated anomalies and speech/language impairment in patients with craniofacial microsomia (CFM).