Category: Pediatrics


Diagnostic odyssey of Guillain-Barré syndrome in children

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A gap exists between difficulty in diagnosis and importance of early recognition and intervention in pediatric Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Therefore, this study aimed to establish a diagnostic odyssey plot that allows “at-a-glance” overview of the diagnostic odyssey of GBS in children, including overall diagnostic delay, physician-related and patient-related diagnostic delays, and length and frequency of diagnostic errors.

A nationwide survey of adenovirus-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy in Japan

CONCLUSION: A prior history of febrile seizures was frequent in children with AdVE. Several different subtypes of acute encephalopathy were seen in children with AdVE, and the outcome was poor in those with acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion and hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome. Elevated lactate dehydrogenase, glucose, and ammonia levels on admission were found to correlate with a poor outcome.