Category: Orthopedic


Circulating lumican as a potential biomarker for osteosarcopenia in older adults

In vitro and animal experiments demonstrated that lumican exerts anabolic effects on bone and muscle by stimulating osteoblastogenesis, suppressing osteoclastogenesis and increasing myogenesis. However, the relationship between circulating lumican and musculoskeletal phenotypes in humans remains unclear. We aimed to analyze the relationship between serum lumican levels and osteosarcopenia in older adults. Blood samples were collected from 134 participants (age: 65 years and older) who underwent…

Functional defects in cementoblasts with disrupted bone sialoprotein functional domains, in vitro

Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is a multifunctional extracellular matrix (ECM) protein present in bone and cementum. Global in vivo ablation of BSP leads to bone mineralization defects, lack of acellular cementum, and periodontal breakdown. BSP harbors three main functional domains: N-terminal collagen-binding domain, hydroxyapatite-nucleating domain, and C-terminal RGD integrin-binding signaling domain. How each of these domains contributes to BSP function(s) is not understood. We hypothesized that…

Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita: dental and maxillofacial phenotype – A scoping review

CONCLUSION: Our findings have uncovered a notable deficiency in existing literature concerning dental and maxillofacial manifestations in AMC. This underscores the need for interdisciplinary collaboration and the undertaking of extensive prospective cohort studies focused on AMC. These studies should assess the oral and maxillofacial abnormalities that can impact daily functioning and overall quality of life.

Nano-hydroxyapatite structures for bone regenerative medicine: Cell-material interaction

Bone tissue engineering holds great promise for the regeneration of damaged or severe bone defects. However, several challenges hinder its translation into clinical practice. To address these challenges, interdisciplinary efforts and advances in biomaterials, cell biology, and bioengineering are required. In recent years, nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA)-based scaffolds have emerged as a promising approach for the development of bone regenerative agents. The unique similarity of nHA with minerals found…