Category: Nutrition

Prenatal perception of breastfeeding recommendation predicts early breastfeeding outcomes of participants in the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

ABSTRACT Background Prenatal psychosocial factors predict breastfeeding practices but are not assessed in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Objective This study examined how prenatal perceptions of WIC’s breastfeeding recommendations were associated with early breastfeeding outcomes. Methods This study used longitudinal data from a national sample of 2,053 pregnant participants in the WIC Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study-2 (WIC ITFPS-2) in 2013, the only national data assessing prenatal perceptions of WIC’s breastfeeding recommendations. Early breastfeeding outcomes included breastfeeding initiation, breastmilk first fed after birth, breastfeeding in the first hour, breastmilk first fed after leaving...

A multicenter randomized clinical trial of pharmacological vitamin B1 administration to critically ill patients who develop hypophosphatemia during enteral nutrition (The THIAMINE 4 HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA trial)

Hypophosphatemia may be a useful biomarker to identify thiamine deficiency in critically ill enterally-fed patients. The objective was to determine whether intravenous thiamine affects blood lactate, biochemical and clinical outcomes in this group.

Bone turnover in pregnancy, measured by urinary C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), is influenced by vitamin D supplementation and is associated with maternal bone health: Findings from the MAVIDOS trial

AbstractBackgroundThe pattern of change in maternal bone turnover throughout pregnancy is poorly characterized.ObjectiveWe investigated changes across pregnancy in a marker of maternal bone resorption, urinary C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), the influence of gestational vitamin D supplementation, and associations between CTX and maternal postnatal bone indices.DesignThe Maternal Vitamin D Osteoporosis Study (MAVIDOS) is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 1000 IU/day cholecalciferol vs placebo from 14 weeks’ gestation to birth. Maternal second void urinary α- and β-CTX were measured (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay, ELISA) at 14 and 34 weeks’ gestation; DXA was performed within 2 weeks post-partum. Mann-Whitney...

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